Glossary of Terms
The way of spirit and harmony, Ai=harmony, Ki= spirit, Do=way
A Martial art developed by Morihei Ueshiba based on his experience with Yagyu school of Swordsmanship and Daito-Ryu jujutsu.
Aikido training suit.
The Suit is similar to that of a Judo suit or heavy weight Karate suit. Yudansha (Blackbelts) also wear Hakama over their trouser.
Leg or Foot
Striking or hitting techniques, In Aikido strikes are used to distract rather than injure
Wooden practice sword.
Martial Way. Bu= Military Affairs Do= Way
A Level or Step, A rank above Kyu.
Torso, the area of the ribs between the shoulders and waist.
Way,Path, a course of study of a way of life, with spirtual and physical implications.
Training hall (place for practicing the way)
Domo Arigato Gozai Mashita
Thank you very much.
This is a very polite way of saying thank you and is used at the end of the class during Rei. It literally means I appreciate that some difficulty has been overcome and thank you very much.
An Aikido pinning technique particularly suited to knife taking.
Traditionally the “fifth teaching”, however in the west it is not normally the fifth tecnique you will learn .
In 1895 the Kodokan’s syllabus of Judo throws was broken down into 5 teaching sets comprising 42 throws.
In 1920 it was changed to 40 throws still in 5 sets, this group is what is traditionally recognised as the Gokyo
In 1982 a group of 8 older throws were re-instated, and 17 new techniques were added.
In 1997 the Kodokan added two more throws, there are now 67 official Kodokan Judo Throws.
Gou no keiko
To practice hard with full power
Hanmi handachi waza
Opponant standing and partner sitting technique
The gentle way,Ju=Gentle Do=Way
A martial art developed by Jigoro Kano,
Devised from his knowledge and mastery of many old style jujutsu. Kano studied these arts and using his philosophy of “maximum efficient use of mental and physical power” excluded any technique that did not adhere to this all-pervading principle and invented new ones to complete his Budo style. He called his style Judo and in 1882 founded and opened the Kodokan a Dojo for the study of Judo.
Jyu no keiko
To practice softly with principles of non resistance but still practicing attack and defence.
Joint locking technique
Please teach me sensei,
You are literally asking for a favour from you teacher, to spare the time and effort to pass on his or her knowledge to you.
Ryu no keiki
To practice very smooth, like running water, there will be no attack or defence; nothing will be opposed between opponents and partners but perfect harmony and peace. This is the type of practice you should aspire to and is normally only possible between high Dan grades.
Finish, the end